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Veterinary conference: International Conference on Animal Health and Veterinary Medicine focused on learning about Animal Health/ Veterinary Medicine and its advances; this is your best opportunity to reach the largest assemblage of participants from the Veterinary Community. Our Veterinary conference having made with program of up to date and though provoking discussions on scientific sessions, exhibitions, poster presentations, lectures, hands-on workshops, luncheons and keynotes.

Conduct presentations, distribute information, meet with current and potential scientists, veterinarians, make a splash with new research developments, and receive name recognition at this event. The World renowned speakers, the most recent techniques, developments and the newest updates in Animal Health and Veterinary Medicine are hallmarks of this conference.

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会议系列LLC感到荣幸地主办“第八届动物卫生与兽医学国际会议”(动物健康2017)将于2017年10月20 – 21日在加拿大多伦多举行,题目是“一个健康,一个社会”。我们欢迎你并邀请大家参加这个有声望的会议。
















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One Health | Animal Health | Human Health | Veterinary Conference | Veterinary Medicine Conference

One Health is “the collaborative effort of multiple disciplines — working locally, nationally, and globally — to attain optimal health for people, animals, and the environment”.

One Health is a new phrase, but the concept extends back to ancient times. The recognition that environmental factors can impact human health can be traced as far back as to the Greek physician Hippocrates (c. 460 BCE – c. 370 BCE) in his text “On Airs, Waters, and Places”. He promoted the concept that public health depended on a clean environment.

The Italian physician Giovanni Maria Lancisi (1654–1720) was a pioneering epidemiologist, physician, and veterinarian, with a fascination in the role the physical environment played in the spread of disease in humans and animals. Lancisi may have been the first to advocate the use of mosquito nets for the prevention of malaria in humans but was also a pioneer in the control of rinderpest in cattle. The idea that human, animal and environmental healths are linked was further revived during the French Revolution by Louis-René Villerme (1782–1863) and Alexandre Parent-Duchâtelet (1790–1835) who developed the specialty of public hygiene.

In the late 19th century, German physician and pathologist Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902) coined the term “zoonosis”, and said, “…between animal and human medicine there are no dividing lines – nor should there be”. Canadian physician William Osler (1849–1919) traveled to Germany to study with Virchow. He returned to Canada and held joint faculty appointments at the McGill University Medical School and the Montreal Veterinary College. Osler was active as a clinical pathologist and internist at the Montreal General Hospital, but was also active in the promotion of veterinary health, and helped investigate a swine typhoid outbreak near Quebec City in 1878; he subsequently co-authored a monograph on parasites in Montreal’s pork supply with A. W. Clement, a veterinary student at Montreal Veterinary College.

In 1947, veterinarian James H. Steele furthered the concept in the U.S. by establishing the field of veterinary public health at the CDC. The phrase “One Medicine” was developed and promoted by Calvin W. Schwabe (1927–2006), a veterinary epidemiologist and parasitologist in his textbook “Veterinary Medicine and Human Health”.

In 1996, Gary M. Tabor, Alonso Aguirre, Mary Pearl, David Sherman, Mark Pokras, Eric Chivian, Paul Epstein and Gretchen Kauffman launched the Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice effort (Consortium for Conservation Medicine) with the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, Harvard Medical School’s Center for Health and the Global Environment and EcoHealth Alliance (formerly Wildlife Trust), with an institutional focus linking human, animal and ecological health.

“One Health” was mentioned in a story about Ebola hemorrhagic fever on April 7, 2003, when Rick Weiss of the Washington Post quoted William Karesh as saying, “Human or livestock or wildlife health can’t be discussed in isolation anymore. There is just one health. And the solutions require everyone working together on all the different levels.”

Emerging infectious diseases

Many emerging health issues are linked to increasing contact between humans and animals, intensification and integration of food production, and the expansion of international travel. As the number of new infectious diseases emerged in the 20th century, scientists began to recognize the challenges societies face regarding these threats that largely come from animals. Of the 1,415 microbes that are known to infect humans, 61 percent come from animals. For example, rodents transmit plague and typhus to humans, and domestic livestock is the original source of crowd diseases such as measles, mumps, and pertussis. One important exception is Mycobacteria tuberculosis. Genetic evidence suggests that Mycobacteria tuberculosis originated in human populations and spread to animals. Chimpanzees were a reservoir host for the human immunodeficiency virus. Global trade of wildlife exacerbates the problem of disease emergence.

The 1999 West Nile virus outbreak in New York City highlighted the links between human and animal health. In this outbreak, wild crows began dying about a month or so before people began getting sick. The simultaneous outbreaks were not recognized as caused by the same entity until Tracey McNamara, a veterinarian at the Bronx Zoo, tied them together when her exotic birds began getting sick. After it was recognized that the outbreaks were caused by West Nile virus, a new entity in the Western Hemisphere, the CDC established the National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases, now the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases.

Avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) epidemic that began in Hong Kong in 1997 showed the connection between animal and human health. The outbreak affected 18 people, killed 6, and provoked the culling of 1.5 million birds. The HPAI H5N1 virus resurfaced in isolated outbreaks between 1998 –2003, but a widespread outbreak occurred in mid-2003 in South Korea. Delays in international reporting and weak response measures contributed to the spread of the virus across Southeast Asia. In recognition of the global threat that avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) and other emerging zoonotic diseases posed, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO), and World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) developed a strategic framework, a tripartite agreement, to work more closely together to address the animal-human-ecosystem interface.

Comparative medicine

Animals suffer from many of the same chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, asthma, and arthritis as humans. Sometimes a disease entity is recognized in animals long before it is recognized in humans. For example, fear-induced heart failure was described in wildlife about thirty years before it was recognized in humans. Comparative medicine is the study of disease processes across species and is based on the study of naturally occurring diseases of animals that also afflict humans. The concept of comparative medicine is very old. The ancient Greeks understood that dissecting and studying animals could yield important clues to understanding human diseases. From Galen to William Harvey, comparative anatomical and physiological studies have been responsible for significant advances in medicine; Frederick Banting and Charles Best discovered insulin through such work.

The musculoskeletal system is particularly well-suited to comparative medicine studies since acute and chronic disorders of bones and joints have the same counterparts in humans and animals. Information gained from one species can be directly translated to another, thereby advancing the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Since the early 1930s, comparative orthopedic research has incorporated the One Health concept. Otto Stader, a small animal veterinarian, used a comparative medicine approach and developed the first form of external skeletal fixation, the Stader splint, as a way to stabilize fractures in dogs. During World War II, Navy surgeons improved the treatment of fractures in sailors by incorporating Stader’s advances. During the 1940s and 50’s, Jacques Jenny, a veterinary surgeon, performed one of the first intra-medullary pinning procedures in animals and significantly advanced fracture repair strategies in horses and humans. In 1966, Sten-Erik Olsson and John L. Marshall, both of whom had medical and veterinary medical degrees, founded the first laboratory dedicated to comparative orthopedic research at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York. In the 21st century, comparative orthopedic laboratories are located throughout the world and use both a comparative and translational research approach in an effort to improve diagnostic capabilities, enhance preventive and therapeutic strategies, and advance the understanding of disease mechanisms. Comparative research has led to advances in fracture fixation, total joint replacement, and cartilage repair—both in veterinary and human medicine.


Urbanization, globalization, climate shift and terrorism have brought the need for a more diverse public health workforce to the forefront of public planning. Changes in land use, creation, and operation of large terrestrial and marine food production units and microbial and chemical pollution of land and water sources have created new threats to the health of both animals and humans. For example, deforestation for agriculture can lead to the emergence of zoonotic diseases. One Health is a unifying concept to bring together human health care practitioners, veterinarians, and public and environmental health professionals. By strengthening epidemiologic and laboratory investigations that assess the role of environmental influences, this partnership can help to develop and apply sustainable and effective community health interventions.

In 2004, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) convened a group of conservation and health experts at Rockefeller University in New York and developed the phrase “One World – One Health” in order to promote the recognition of the impact of land use and wildlife health on human health. William B. Karesh, one of the leaders of the WCS effort, wrote articles in Foreign Affairs about the health links between humans, animals, and the environment.


The One Health Commission (OHC), a 501(c)3 non-profit organization based in the U.S., was created out of the joint efforts of leaders from multiple disciplines. Briefly, in 2007 Roger Mahr, then president of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), invited Ronald Davis, then President of the American Medical Association (AMA), to open conversations to bring the animal and human medical communities together. The two organizations each followed with supportive resolutions: in June 2007, the AMA unanimously adopted a “One Health” resolution, and a similar resolution was passed by AVMA in July 2008. A One Health Initiative Task Force (OHITF), made up of prominent health profession leaders and liaisons from the AVMA, AMA and the American Public Health Association (APHA), worked together from 2007-2008 to prepare an Executive Summary giving twelve recommendations for advancing and realizing the One Health concept. One of those recommendations was the creation of a One Health Commission. Initially led by Roger Mahr as CEO, the OHC was based first in Kansas then was headquartered for three years (2011-2013) at Iowa State University until Mahr’s retirement in 2013. In late 2013 the OHC Board appointed Cheryl Stroud to become Executive Director and the Commission was moved from Iowa to the Research Triangle Park region of North Carolina.


“One Health Initiative” is a multidisciplinary collaborative approach to solving global and environmental health challenges. The One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono team started the One Health Initiative website in 2008 which has since been serving as a global repository for all news and information pertaining to One Health. Organizations supporting this movement include the American Medical AssociationAmerican Veterinary Medical Association, the UC Davis One Health Institute, the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, The American Association of Public Health Physicians, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the U.S. National Environmental Health Association (NEHA. Additionally, more than 850 prominent scientists, physicians, and veterinarians worldwide have endorsed the initiative.

International efforts

Since 2008, the European Union “has promoted the OH approach, and it has already been integrated into certain EU strategy documents.” In the United States, the CDC has a One Health website with One Health resources.

The 1st International One Health Congress met in February 2011 in Melbourne, Australia. In 2013, the 2nd International One Health Congress met in Bangkok, Thailand. The 1st One Health Conference in Africa was held in July 2011 in JohannesburgSouth Africa.

The World Bank is investigating how to demonstrate the cost effectiveness of a One Health approach to global health. In June 2012, the World Bank published the economic benefits of One Health.

The importance of One Health is promoted by scientists in many countries and supported by prominent organizations including the World Health Organization, Food, and Agriculture Organization, World Organization for Animal Health, The International Federation for Animal Health, Global Alliance for Rabies Control, New Zealand Centre for Conservation Medicine (NZCCM), Hubert in Asia the One Health Global Network, the University of California One Health Center, Academic Hospital Utrecht and Utrecht Life Sciences and the Infection Ecology and Epidemiology Network, Uppsala, Sweden.

Animal Biotechnology | Veterinary Conference | Animal Health | 2017 | USA |Europe

Animal Biotechnologyanimal-biotechnology-dna-animal-health-2017

Animal Biotechnology

Animal Biotechnology plays an important role in human and animal health and development. Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Animal Biotechnology dates back to domestication of animals, selective breeding (hybridizing) to produce desirable offspring.

Animal Biotechnology is the use of molecular biology and genetic engineering for industrial, pharmaceutical and agricultural applications. It is used to produce therapeutic proteins, diseases resistant offspring, transgenic animals, clones and organs by xenotransplantation.

Applications and benefits include producing antibodies, to understand the relationship between genes and disease, to find and produce disease resistant animals, to increase production of animal products, produced new food and pharmaceutical products, use of animal organs as human transplants and to enhance the ability to detect, treat diseases.

Animal Biotechnology industry values at around USD 6 Billion with the annual growth rate of 1.8%. Major players in Animal Biotechnology are Elanco, Merck Co. Inc. Merial Limited and Zoetis.

Animal Genetics Market is estimated to reach USD 5.50 Billion by 2021, at a Growth Rate of 8.4% from 2016 to 2021.

Some of the Major players in the animal genetics market are Genus Plc, Topigs, Envigo, CRV Holding B.V. (Netherlands), Hendrix Genetics BV (Netherlands), Groupe Grimaud (France), Neogen Corporation, Alta Genetics, VetGen, Zoetis, Inc., and Animal Genetics, Inc.

  • Animal Biotechnology Recent Advances
  • Applications of Animal Biotechnology
  • Transgenic Animal Production
  • Animal Cloning
  • Xenotransplantation
  • Animal Biotechnology and Ethics

Related Conference of Animal Biotechnology

September 04-05, 2017

7th International Veterinary Congress

Paris, France

October 19-21, 2017

8th International Conference on Animal Health & Veterinary Medicine

Toronto, Canada

November 16-17, 2017

9th Global Veterinary Summit

Las Vegas, USA

Animal Biotechnology Conference Speakers:

Daniel Acuna

Universidad de Concepcion, Chile

Title: Studies that have allowed the advance in the knowledge of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae, Argasidae) in Chile: New species, host, localities and advances in tick born disease

Magdi Waheed

Cairo University, Egypt

Title: The effect of dilution rate and insemination protocol on fertilizing capacity of frozen-thawed Arabian horse sperm

Nguyen Nga

Univeristy of Tokyo, Japan

Title: Increase in cattle fascioliasis in coastal area of Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam and its association with irrigation system

Golnaz Sharafi

University of Tehran, Iran

Title: A comparative study of thermo-inducible HSP70 gene expression pattern in clinical and environmental isolates of Aspergillus fumigatus in a time-course manner

Roseline Olobatoke

North West University, South Africa

Title: Antibiotic resistance of non-typhoidal Salmonella strains isolated from broiler products in the North West Province of South Africa

Madhurita Gupta

Myvets Charitable Trust & Research Centre India

Title: Innovative way to handle wildlife: Human conflicts mitigation which aims for zero casualties “Wildlife Rescue Bike”

Charles Short

Cornell University USA

Title: Guidelines for anesthetic management in clinical practice

Mushtaq Memon

Washington State University USA

Title: Integrative medicine: An upcoming trend in veterinary medicine

Hamdy Rezk

Cairo University Egypt

Title: Insulin gene expression in treated diabetic rats with mesenchymal stem cells

Vishnu Jaikumar

Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology India

Title: Efficacy of bovine collagen 10% alginate dressing on cutaneous wound healing in dogs

Mohammed Ardo

Modibbo Adama University of Technology Nigeria

Title: A six months survey of gross pathological conditions of slaughtered cattle at Yola Abattoir Adamawa State, Nigeria

Annytha Detha

Nusa Cendana University Indonesia

Title: Antibacterial activity of palm wine on farms

Sila Damwesh

Nakam Memorial School Nigeria

Title: Biotechnology for animal (poultry) production in a changing world: A must for developing nations

Golnaz Sharafi

University of Tehran Iran

Title: Efficacy of antibiotic, probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic on growth performance, organ weights and immune response in broiler chickens

Ramesh Gupta

Murray State University USA

Title: Safety evaluation of ectoparasiticides in dogs using GC/MS

Shengqing Yu

Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute-Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences China

Title: Riemerella anatipestifer AS87_01735 gene encodes nicotinamidase (PncA), an important virulence factor

Srebrenka Nejedli

University of Zagreb Croatia

Title: Organogenesis of larvae trout (Salmo thymusobtrusirostris, Heckel, 1851) from Vrljikariver, Croatia

Jan Selfridge

McTimoney College of Chiropractic UK

Title: When it comes to back care, size really doesn’t matter, In African safari elephants, does carrying a rider or multiple riders’ impact on musculoskeletal integrity?

Ahmed Alluwaimi

King Faisal University Saudi Arabia

Title: The CD markers of the camel (Camelus dromedarius) mammary glands in health and disease

Rebecca Stroud

McTimoney College of Chiropractic UK

Title: A preliminary study to investigate the prevalence and progression of pelvic axial rotations among neonate foals

Olivier Sparagano

Coventry University UK

Title: Poultry parasites: Emerging issues

Sila Daniel Damwesh

Nakam Memorial School Nigeria

Title: Biotechnology for animal (Poultry) production in a changing world: A must for developing nations

Mohammed Baba Ardo

Modibbo Adama University of Technology Nigeria

Title: A six months survey of gross pathological conditions of slaughtered cattle at Yola Abattoir Adamawa State, Nigeria

Liza Koster

University of Glasgow UK

Title: Heart rate variability in dogs used in veterinary training facilities exposed to instrumental music

Hrefna Sigurjonsdottir

University of Iceland Iceland

Title: Which variables affect most agonistic and affiliative behavior in pastured adult horses?

Bilal Cem Liman

University of Erciyes Turkey

Title: Determination of acrylamide using immuno-enzymatic method in commercial dog and cat food

Hatice Ozlem Nisbet

Ondokuz Mayis University Turkey

Title: The influence of 900 to 1800 Mhz electromagnetic field on testicular function and structure of growing rats

Bahar Onaran

Ankara University Turkey

Title: Prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in cattle and sheep carcasses and presence of L monocytogenes lytic bacteriophages in slaughterhouse wastewater

Vishnu Sunil Jaikumar

Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology India

Title: Efficacy of bovine collagen 10% alginate dressing on cutaneous wound healing in dogs

Palanisamy Sankar

Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University India

Title: Effect of nanocurcumin for management of subclinical mastitis

Malgorzata Jennes

Ghent University Belgium

Title: Lymphocyte subsets activation by Toxoplasma gondii antigens

Ramesh C Gupta

Murray State University USA

Title: Recent developments in toxicity and treatment of organophosphates and carbamates

P Sankar

Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University India

Title: Effects of novel water soluble nanocurcumin on arsenic-induced genotoxicity in rats

Umesh Kumar Shandilya

National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources India

Title: Matrix-based three-dimensional culture of buffalo mammary epithelial cells showed higher induction of genes related to milk protein and fatty acid metabolism

M Younus

University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences Pakistan

Title: Hematological changes in the hydatidosed male sheep after experimental inoculation of Echinococcus granulosus eggs

Angela Martins

Lusófona University School of Veterinary Medicine, Portugal

Title: Functional neurorehabilitation in dogs with cervical neurologic lesion

Peter Timms

University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia

Title: Development of a chlamydial vaccine for koalas : Protection against infection as well as disease

Yong Heo

The Catholic University of Korea, Korea

Title: Relationship between cattle cellular immunity and endotoxin levels in dust from cattle housing environments

Jeremiah Frueauf

Sterne, Kessler, Goldstein & Fox (SKGF), USA

Title: Protecting your animal healthcare products: Patent eligibility challenges in the U.S. and Europe

Imre Olah

Semmelweis University, Hungary

Title: Gumboro virus infection shut down the Caveolin-1 expression in the interfollicular epithelium of chicken’s bursa of fabricius

Inas N. El Husseiny

Cairo University, Egypt

Title: Studies on some surgical affections of the oral cavity in dogs

Giorgio Marchesini

University of Padova, Italy

Title: Rumination and activity data during beef cattle conditioning period

Angela Martins

Lusófona University School of Veterinary Medicine, Portugal

Title: Physical medicine and rehabilitation of dogs with periferic vestibular syndrome

Stewart Daniel

World Health Organization (WHO), South Africa

Title: The importance of dog bite prevention

Eman H Abdel-Rahman

National Research Centre, Egypt

Title: A 30 KDa mannosyle glycoprotein in the diagnosis of experimental trichinosis in rats

Yalcin Akbulut

Kafkas University, Turkey

Title: The macroanatomy of the brachial plexus and its nerves in the common buzzard (Buteo buteo )

Mona S Mahmoud

National Research Centre, Egypt

Title: The immunization of sheep against Babesia ovis with purified fractions of parasitized erythrocytes

Ahmed Hegazi and Ahmed F M Al Gethami

Makkah Bee Association, Saudi Arabia

Title: Potential antibacterial activity of some Saudi Arabia honeys

Lenita Moura Stefani

Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil

Title: Differences on the expression of gene invA from salmonella heidelberg isolated from the field and poultry carcasses

Mona M Sobhy

ARRI, ARC, Egypt

Title: The prevalence of coxiella burnetii (Q-fever) as a cause of abortion and infertility among farm animals in some delta governorates

Ali Hassanpour

Islamic Azad University, Iran

Title: Seroprevalence of leptospirosis in sheep in Maku, Iran

Ali Hassanpour

Islamic Azad University, Iran

Title: Evaluation of serum levels of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium and the activity of glutathione peroxidase enzyme in the horses with strangles

Amouoghli Tabrizi B

Islamic Azad University, Iran

Title: Evaluation serum level of Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus and Alkaline Phosphatase 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours after calving in holstein calves

Shehla Gul Bokhari

Shehla Gul Bokhari, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pakistan

Title: Clinical findings in horses affected with tendinopathy and associated soft tissue injuries of various joints, from Lahore, Pakistan

Irmak Dik

Selcuk University, Turkey

Title: Comparative diagnosis of canine parvovirus (CPV) with methods of rapid test and ELISA

Inês Machado

University of Lisbon, Portugal

Title: Frequency of infectious diseases in domestic carnivores hospitalized in the Isolation Unit of the teaching hospital of Veterinary Medicine Faculty, University of Lisbon

Burak Dik

Selcuk University, Turkey

Title: Investigations of the safety of tildipirosin in sheep

Ismail Demircioglu

Harran University, Turkey

Title: Anatomical, morphometrical and histological properties of harderian gland in male rabbits and guinea pigs

Elodie Bacou

L’UNAM University, France

Title: Acute social stress modulates immune traits in pig’s high- and low-responders to ACTH stimulation

Kahraman H A

Selcuk University, Turkey

Title: Sarcoplasmic proteins and its effects on meat quality parameters

Burak Dik

Selcuk University, Turkey

Title: Effect of single dose dexamethasone (0.1 mg/kg) on white blood cell counts and serum glucose levels in healthy ewes

Ismail Demircioglu

Harran University, Turkey

Title: The effects of sex and breeding season on morphological and histological structure of the interdigital gland in Awassi Sheep (Ovis aries)

Atsushi Kimura

Morioka-Chiiki Agricultural Mutual Aid Association

Title: Improved surgical technique of ruminal cannulation in calf

Céline Nicolas

Virbac Group, France

Title: Comparative acceptability of Rilexine® (Virbac) and two other formulations of cephalexin containing antibiotics

Maria Grochowska

Maria Curie Sklodowska University, Poland

Title: Analysis of the composition and abundance of SBV vectors Culicoides spp., in habitats of wild and livestock animals

Céline Nicolas

Virbac Group, France

Title: Assessment of a new high protein and high essential fatty acid diet in dogs with chronic joint disorders

Patric Maurer

University of Leipzig, Germany

Title: Veterinary extramural studies in German abattoirs: A cross-sectional study revealing the current situation

Shiro Kushibiki

National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Title: Rumen lipopolysaccharide activity is decreased by lactoferrin feeding in lactating dairy cows

Toshihiro Ichijo

Iwate University, Japan

Title: Study on diagnostic imaging in whooper swans using a digital X-ray system

Faten A M Abo-Aziza

National Research Center, Egypt

Title: Confluence-associated proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMMSCs)

Recommended Sessions

Related Journals

Animal Diseases | Veterinary Conference | Animal Health | 2017

Animal Diseases:


Animal disease is the disease by which animals are liable and whereby the normal functions of any organ or the body of an animal is disrupted or damaged by any bacterium, protozoan, virus, fungus, parasite, other organism or agent. This session focuses on Animal diseases, symptoms and their effects.

Some of the animal diseases or medical conditions: Avian influenza, Animal bite, Anthrax, Brucellosis, Bluetongue disease, Chronic wasting disease, Contagious bovine Pleuropneumonia, Epizootic, Foot-and-mouth disease, Glanders, Leptospirosis, Newcastle disease, Paratuberculosis, Q fever, Rift Valley fever, Rinderpest, Rabies, Salmonellosis, Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, Tularemia, Tick-borne disease, Viral hemorrhagic fever, Zoonosis.

  • Large Animal diseases
  • Small and Companion Animal Diseases
  • Vector-Borne Animal Diseases
  • Soil-Borne Animal Diseases
  • Contact Animal Diseases

Avian influenza — known informally as avian flu or bird flu — refers to influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds. The type with the greatest risk is highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).

“Bird flu” is a phrase similar to “swine flu,” “dog flu,” “horse flu,” or “human flu” in that it refers to an illness caused by any of many different strains of influenza viruses that have adapted to a specific host. Out of the three types of influenza viruses (A, B, and C), influenza A virus is a zoonotic infection with a natural reservoir almost entirely in birds. Avian influenza, for most purposes, refers to the influenza A virus.

Though influenza A is adapted to birds, it can also stably adapt and sustain person-to person transmission. Recent influenza research into the genes of the Spanish flu virus shows it to have genes adapted from both human and avian strains. Pigs can also be infected with human, avian, and swine influenza viruses, allow for mixtures of genes (reassortment) to create a new virus, which can cause an antigenic shift to a new influenza A virus subtype which most people have little to no immune protection.

Avian influenza strains are divided into two types based on their pathogenicity: high pathogenicity (HP) or low pathogenicity (LP). The most well-known HPAI strain, H5N1, appeared in China in 1996, and also has low pathogenic strains found in North America. Companion birds in captivity are unlikely to contract the virus and there has been no report of a companion bird with avian influenza since 2003. Pigeons do not contract or spread the virus.

An Animal bite is a wound, usually lacerations, caused by the teeth. An animal bite usually results in a break in the skin but also includes contusions from the excessive pressure on body tissue from the bite. The contusions can occur without a break in the skin. Bites can be provoked or unprovoked. Other bite attacks may be apparently unprovoked. Biting is a physical action not only describing an attack but it is a normal response in an animal as it eats, carries objects, softens and prepares food for its young, removes ectoparasites from its body surface, removes plant seeds attached to its fur or hair, scratching itself, and grooming other animals. Animal bites often result in serious infections and mortality. Animal bites not only include injuries from the teeth of reptiles, mammals, but fish, and amphibians. Arthropods can also bite and leave injuries.

Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. It can occur in four forms: skin, inhalation, intestinal, and injection. Symptoms begin between one day and two months after the infection is contracted. The skin form presents with a small blister with surrounding swelling that often turns into a painless ulcer with a black center. The inhalation form presents with fever, chest pain, and shortness of breath. The intestinal form presents with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain. The injection form presents with fever and an abscess at the site of drug injection.

Anthrax is spread by contact with the spores of the bacteria, which are often from infectious animal products. Contact is by breathing, eating, or through an area of broken skin. It does not typically spread directly between people. Risk factors include people who work with animals or animal products, travelers, postal workers, and military personnel. Diagnosis can be confirmed based on finding antibodies or the toxin in the blood or by culture of a sample from the infected site.

Anthrax vaccination is recommended for people who are at high risk. Immunizing animals against anthrax is recommended in areas where previous infections have occurred. Two months of antibiotics, such as doxycycline or ciprofloxacin, after exposure can also prevent infection. If infection occurs treatment is with antibiotics and possibly antitoxin. The type and number of antibiotics used depends on the type of infection. Antitoxin is recommended for those with widespread infection.

Anthrax among humans is most common in Africa and central and Southern Asia. It also occurs fairly regularly in Southern Europe, but is uncommon in Northern Europe and North America. Globally, at least 2,000 cases occur a year, with about two cases a year in the United States. Skin infections represent more than 95% of cases. Without treatment the risk of death from skin anthrax is 24%. For intestinal infection the risk of death is 25% to 75% while in inhaled anthrax despite treatment it is around 50% to 80%. Until the 20th century, anthrax infections killed hundreds of thousands of people and animals each year. Anthrax has been developed as a weapon by a number of countries. In plant-eating animals, infection occurs when they eat or breathe in the spores while grazing. Carnivores may become infected by eating infected animals.

Foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease (Aphthae epizooticae) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids. The virus causes a high fever for approximately two to six days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness.

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has severe implications for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals through aerosols, through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing, or feed, and by domestic and wild predators. Its containment demands considerable efforts in vaccination, strict monitoring, trade restrictions, and quarantines, and occasionally the killing of animals.

Susceptible animals include cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, pigs, antelope, deer, and bison. It has also been known to infect hedgehogs and elephants; llamas and alpacas may develop mild symptoms, but are resistant to the disease and do not pass it on to others of the same species.[3]In laboratory experiments, mice, rats, and chickens have been successfully infected by artificial means, but they are not believed to contract the disease under natural conditions. Humans are very rarely infected.

The virus responsible for the disease is a picornavirus, the prototypic member of the genus Aphthovirus. Infection occurs when the virus particle is taken into a cell of the host. The cell is then forced to manufacture thousands of copies of the virus, and eventually bursts, releasing the new particles in the blood. The virus is genetically highly variable, which limits the effectiveness of vaccination.

Animal Diseases | Global Events | USA | Europe| Veterinary Conference

Animal Diseases

  • Large Animal diseases
  • Small and Companion Animal Diseases
  • Vector-Borne Animal Diseases
  • Soil-Borne Animal Diseases
  • Contact Animal Diseases

Related Conference of Animal Diseases

June 29-30, 2017

3rd International Conference on Livestock & Nutrition

September 04-06, 2017

7th International Veterinary Congress

November 16-17, 2017

9th Global Veterinary Summit


Animal Diseases Conference Speakers

Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute-Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesChina
Title:Riemerella anatipestifer AS87_01735 gene encodes nicotinamidase (PncA), an important virulence factor
Lusófona University School of Veterinary Medicine, Portugal
Title:Physical medicine and rehabilitation of dogs with periferic vestibular syndrome
World Health Organization (WHO), South Africa
Title:The importance of dog bite prevention